The question is no longer if the technologies used to develop products are viable, but how they will be regulated? In addition to price and achieving economies of scale, Lux Research identified regulatory approval as a principal challenge facing the cell-based meat category and noted that while Singapore’s approval in 2020 is a step in the right direction, there is still a lack of clarity on global regulations.
As cultivated meat moves closer to—and enters—markets globally, various countries are using existing novel food regulations or developing new ones to assess the new products. To bolster the cultivated meat industry around the globe, we’re sharing where several key regions currently stand with cultivated meat regulation.
As cultivated meat and fat are novel foods, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) requires they be approved as such. In March this year, EFSA published scientific and technical guidance for the preparation and submission of applications for authorisation of novel foods. Within this latest guidance, EFSA indicates which data are required for submissions, including that related to product identification, manufacturing processes, and compositions of nutritional profiles, Brandes explained.
Half of the farmers surveyed by Purdue University said plant-based proteins could hold up to 10% of the meat market in five years and some expected the share to be much larger. Most of the respondents to the Ag Economy Barometer poll said they would not grow crops for processing into a meat alternative, even if they were offered a contract, said Purdue on Tuesday. And the same portion, just above 60%, said there would be a damaging decline in U.S. farm income if plant-based meats reached a 25% market share.
The environmental benefits of cell-cultured meat also mean less environmental destruction. Conventional meat production requires massive amounts of land for grazing and food production. Just growing feed for livestock uses 71 percent of global arable land and drives Amazonian deforestation. “Chicken is the world’s most consumed (and fastest growing) meat,” Noyes told EcoWatch. “Chickens also consume more feed collectively than other farmed animals. Today, more than one-third of the ice-free land on Earth and tens of millions of acres of rainforest teeming with our planet’s most diverse life forms have been replaced with fields of chicken feed.”
Mainland Chinese cultivated meat startup Joes Future Food has raised 20 million RMB (US$3 million) in an angel investment round. The food tech, recently rebranded from Nanjing Zhouzi, will be using the funding to ramp up R&D and overcome technical challenges in order to improve its current product – cultivated minced pork.
The first move is the government initiative in establishing the Food Tech Research Group. The Food Tech Research Group, including over 100 companies, was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) in April 2020. It aims to foster the food industry and strengthen Japan’s food security through utilizing different cutting-edge technology.
The dispute began late last year after Miyoko’s was told by the Department of Food & Agriculture to drop the terms ‘butter,’ ‘lactose-free,’ hormone-free’ and ‘cruelty-free,’ from its plant-based butter product (which is made from coconut oil, sunflower oil and cashew nuts) because “it is not a dairy product.” Miyoko’s – which said it was given no choice but to develop custom packaging for California (“creating a logistical nightmare”), change marketing and packaging materials nationwide at huge expense, or risk prosecution – filed a lawsuit* in February 2020 in a bid to prevent the State from enforcing its demands, which Miyoko’s argued violated its First Amendment rights.
Soon, people will likely be able to buy cell-cultured meat. To make it, food animals are biopsied and their cells banked, or stored, for use. Then the meat is grown from the cells, harvested, and made into food products. Specifics on the process and the composition of the final product aren’t publicly available.The FDA and USDA are responsible for food safety and have started oversight work on cell-cultured meat. But they haven’t followed all leading practices for interagency collaboration. Improving how they work together can help them use their resources more efficiently.Our recommendations address this and other issues we found.
Following calls from The Good Food Institute, the Plant Based Food Association, and others to reject legislation that would censor the labels of plant-based milk products, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam has vetoed House Bill 119. Out of 1,291 measures passed during this year’s General Assembly session, this is the only bill that Governor Northam chose to veto.