In this prospective Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study of cultivated meat (CM, also sometimes referred to as cell-based meat, clean meat, cultured meat and in-vitro meat) we provide insight into the environmental impact of this product when produced at commercial scales. This is the first LCA study to use primary data from multiple CM producers and companies in the upstream supply chain. Data collection efforts were carried out among over 15 companies active in CM development and the supply chain, supplemented with cross-checks by independent experts. While there are still uncertainties due to the early stage of technological development, we believe this study provides a robust inventory with as much primary data as is currently feasible.
The main conclusion is that cultured meat is mainly developing in the USA and the UK, with other countries, such as China, observing the trend for potential future applications. Scientific articles seemed initially to focus mainly on technical aspects of artificial meat and more recently on health value, consumer’s acceptance, and sustainability. However, the potential environment-friendly effects of this novel food are more and more studied or described in scientific or press articles.